During its implementation, LOCATIONS aimed at striking a balance boosting the economic advantages of cruise ship tourism while simultaneously mitigating the negative impacts the sector has on the natural environment and urban mobility.
It helped local public administrations draft Low-Carbon Transport and mobility Plans (LCTPs), providing cities with a long-term vision for urban mobility.
LCTPs were developed and implemented in seven pilot cruise destinations - Lisbon, Malaga, Ravenna, Trieste, Rijeka, Zadar, and Durrës – addressing both climate change and development using an integrated transport and land-use planning process.
All elements of urban transport were covered under an integrated planning process that recognises the two-way relationship between available mobility and the individual’s desire to move. The LCTP was based on the idea of a transformational change that follows a sustainable development pathway aligned to achieve the vision of limiting global warming.
LCTP were devised in a way to easily integrate them with the city SUMP or SECAP.
14 possible measures have been devised, to support sustainable mobility planning in cruise destinations, grouped into the following categories:
- Hybrid, clean and electric vehicles
- Port accessibility
- Ticketing and tariffs
- Cycling and walking enhancement/services
- Access management and road pricing
- Parking management/pricing
- Real time and road user information
These actions have been later replicated in further 11 Mediterranean cities, ensuring LOCATIONS spill-over beyond project partnership boundaries. Cadiz, Dubrovnik, Igoumenitsa, Koper, Limassol, Livorno, Portimao, Saranda, Séte, Thessaloniki and Valletta developed their own LCTP under the guidance and mentorship of LOCATIONS partners.
In all affected territories, LOCATIONS fostered innovative concepts, practices, governance, technologies, services, effective resources management and a territorially-based approach.
By doing so, Locations was able to successfully reduce impacts on environmental, natural and cultural assets, and improving accessibility and quality of life for tourists and local populations. Along with this, it triggered a significant change in the perception of the sustainable mobility challenge, highlighting the need of a shared and participated approach to effectively seize it.
"From my point of view, the LOCATIONS project is making people aware that, achieving environmental quality, land transformation and modal split promotion requires everyone’s participation and joint work. Our territory can meet everybody’s needs by an improved use of its assets: routes and itineraries that lead people to a sustainable exploration of our area.”
(Nicola Scanferla, Municipality of Ravenna, project partner)